Deficiency of these 5 minerals can be risky for the heart


The body requires different amounts of each type of mineral for overall health. According to a report in the 2019 Journal of Value of Minerals for the Human Body , several types of minerals are needed in larger quantities for various functions in the body, such as organ function.

A deficiency in certain types of minerals can be dangerous for the health of the body’s organs, especially the organs that have the most vital functions, namely the heart organ. What are certain types of minerals whose intake can be at risk for heart health ? Come on, see together!

1. Potassium
Potassium or potassium is a vital mineral that helps nerve function, including the nerves that regulate heart rhythm. Reported by healthgrades , if the level of potassium in the body, especially in the blood is low, this can result in an abnormal heart rhythm or even have a heart attack or sudden cardiac arrest.

The most important role of potassium involves regulation of cardiac rhythm and contraction. That is why this mineral deficiency can be dangerous for the heart. Risk factors for potassium deficiency can occur at anyone and at any age.

Maintain potassium levels in the blood by eating foods high in potassium such as avocados, bananas and potatoes.

2. Calcium
Calcium is rarely considered as an essential mineral for heart function. However, in reality, calcium is needed by the heart to be able to contract and pump blood to all parts of the body. Calcium is also needed for the function of the heart’s electrical or conduction system, thereby ensuring that the heart can beat normally.

having too little calcium in the body, especially in the blood is associated with heart failure, low blood pressure, and heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) which can be life-threatening.

You can get calcium from several foods such as milk and dairy products, green leafy vegetables, soybeans, and others.

3. Sodium
Heart failure is a condition when the heart is unable to pump enough blood around the body to meet its needs for blood and oxygen. That is, the heart stops working completely, but this is still a very serious health problem.

Interestingly, a low sodium diet has been associated with an increased risk of death in people with heart failure. One scientific review in the 2011 American Journal of Hypertension found that for people with heart failure, limiting sodium intake increases the risk of death.

In fact, the effects were powerful—people who restricted their sodium intake had a 160 percent higher risk of death. This is concerning, because people with heart failure are often asked to limit their sodium intake.

However, the results were heavily influenced by just one study, so more research is needed.

4. Magnesium
The mineral magnesium is essential for hundreds of biochemical reactions in the body. It helps keep bones strong, nerves and muscles working properly, and blood sugar under control. Magnesium is also needed to maintain a steady heart rate and normal blood pressure to maintain heart health.

Magnesium is important for a healthy heart rhythm because it is involved in the transport of other electrolytes, such as calcium and potassium, into cells. Electrolytes are essential for nerve signals and muscle contractions from a normal heartbeat. Research shows that a magnesium deficiency, or limiting magnesium intake, increases arrhythmias.

A report in the journal Cardiology Research and Practice in May 2019, researchers found that low levels of magnesium in the blood can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, the review shows that low magnesium levels are associated with atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder. Atrial fibrillation occurs when damage to the heart’s electrical system causes the heart’s upper chambers to vibrate.

Examples of foods high in magnesium include pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, spinach, cashews, peanuts, soy milk, and others.

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5. Phosphate
Low levels of phosphate in the blood are associated with the risk of heart attack and coronary artery disease. The findings were published in the journal PLOS One in 2017.

Researchers from the University of Surrey found that insufficient levels of phosphate in the blood may pose a particular hazard to heart health, contrary to previous research in this area, which suggested low volumes of phosphate may be beneficial to the heart.

The study, using data from the RCGP Research and Surveillance Centre , examined the phosphate levels of more than 100,000 patients, over 5 and 9 year intervals, and the impact this had on their heart health.

The researchers found that those with low levels of the mineral (below 0.75 mmol/L) in their blood had the same risk of developing coronary problems as those with high levels (above 1.5 mmol/L).

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Instances of both conditions were high among those with excessive and low blood phosphate levels, but cardiac events in those with moderate levels (1–1.25 mmol/L) were significantly less.

The risks associated with high blood phosphate levels have previously been demonstrated by the scientific community, but this is the first time the dangers of low phosphate levels have been identified as potentially harmful.

Phosphates are important minerals in the body and help regulate blood biochemistry, which can impact how the heart works. It plays an important role in enabling red blood cells to deliver oxygen to body tissues, and can be found in protein-rich foods such as meat, poultry and fish.

So, don’t get deficient in the five nutrients above so that heart health is maintained. Follow a heart-friendly diet, exercise regularly, don’t smoke, and adopt a balanced diet. Not only for the heart, but for the health of the body as a whole.