A urine test is a procedure that can be used for a variety of purposes. There are several diseases that require examination using urine. Therefore, sometimes doctors ask for a urine test for supporting tests for certain diseases.
Besides being able to detect health problems, urine samples can also detect other conditions, such as pregnancy. The following is an explanation of five conditions and diseases that can be detected from urine .
1. Pregnancy detection
Many already know that urine can be used to detect pregnancy . A simple way to make a pregnancy test using a test pack can be used independently at home.
Urine can be used to detect pregnancy due to the presence of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The body will produce the hormone hCG after the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall.
2. Drug detection
Some offices and certain schools use drug tests as a condition of entry. This test is usually carried out in a laboratory and in a health facility such as a puskesmas or hospital that provides it.
Drug testing through a urine sample is a way that is often used to find out if someone is taking illegal drugs. Reported by WebMD , when a person uses certain drugs, the drug will flow throughout the body and then the rest of the metabolites will be excreted in the urine. The presence of these detectable metabolites allows urine to be used to determine whether a person is using illegal drugs or not.
3. Detection of doping drug use in athletes
Not only used for drug detection and detecting certain diseases, urine can also be used to ensure athletes are not taking certain types of drugs. One type of drug that is prohibited from being used by athletes is anabolic steroids.
Medical News Today explained that the ban on the use of performance-supporting drugs has been regulated by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
The ban is intended so that all athletes can compete fairly. Adding information from Healthdirect , the use of drugs to improve performance during sports is not only prohibited because it causes unfair matches but also because there are more serious health risks.
4. Diabetes detection
In addition to using a blood sample, diabetes can also be detected with a urine sample. MedlinePlus explains, under normal conditions, very little or no glucose is detected in the urine.
Conversely, in conditions of high blood sugar, the kidneys will excrete excess glucose in the urine. Therefore, if the amount of glucose in the urine is high, then the amount of glucose in the blood may also be high so it can be a sign of someone having diabetes. If the glucose level in the urine is high, a blood sample will be checked for sugar levels to make sure it is back.
5. Detect urinary tract infection
Several diseases can be detected using a urine sample, including urinary tract infections . Reported by the Urology Care Foundation , urinary tract infections can occur when bacteria from the large intestine enter and infect the urinary tract. Under normal conditions, bacteria or other organisms such as fungi or parasites are not present in the urine so they do not cause health problems.
There are many bacteria in the vagina, colon, and skin. When these bacteria enter the urinary tract, they can cause diseases such as urinary tract infections.
Microorganisms that cause urinary tract infections will come out with the urine so they can be detected on laboratory tests. In addition, an increase in white blood cells in a urine sample also indicates an infection or inflammation in the urinary tract.
Urine can be used as an examination of several diseases such as diabetes, urinary tract infections, and others. A urine sample can also be used to detect pregnancy and the use of certain medications. The presence of certain hormones, residual metabolites of certain drugs, or components that should not be in the urine, such as glucose or bacteria, make urine usable for various purposes.