Beware of Arrhythmia at a Young Age, This Says the Expert


The heart is an important organ that functions to pump blood and distribute oxygen throughout the body. The ability of the heart to pump blood cannot be separated from the electrical activity of the heart.

Arrhythmia is a condition when the heart beats irregularly, too fast or too slow. This disorder is related to abnormal heart activity.

The Heartology Cardiovascular Center held a media gathering on Monday (30/1/2023) to raise awareness about arrhythmias.

In this event, dr. Sunu Budhi Raharjo, SpJP(K), a specialist in heart and blood vessels, shared information regarding arrhythmia symptoms and actions that can be taken.

1. Symptoms of arrhythmia
Under resting conditions, a normal heart rate ranges from 60–100 beats per minute. For people with arrhythmias, the heart will beat either faster or slower than the normal range.

Doctor Sunu explained that the symptoms felt by arrhythmia patients were very diverse. Some of the symptoms include palpitations , chest discomfort, shortness of breath, fatigue, and staggering.

In more severe conditions, symptoms can include stroke , fainting, and even sudden death.

2. The exact cause of arrhythmias at a young age is uncertain
Doctor Sunu said that there was an increase in cases of arrhythmias in young people. The exact cause is still uncertain.

However, dr. Sunu said that there are several important factors that can significantly increase the risk of arrhythmias. These factors include smoking, high blood pressure , and cholesterol .

In addition, genetics can also be a factor for arrhythmias that can occur at a young age.

3. Use the DANCING method to check your pulse
The simple thing that we can do to check the pulse is the DANCE method (Feeling Your Own Pulse). Doctor Sunu said this method can be used to be aware of heart rhythm disturbances.

To do this, follow this method:

Hold wrist.
Feel with your index, middle, and ring fingers for the bony prominence below the base of your thumb.
Slide slightly towards the center of the wrist.
Feel the pulse and count in 30 seconds.

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If your pulse is irregular or the number of pulses is above 50 or below 30, that’s a cause for concern.

4. Diagnosis of arrhythmias using ECG
Because arrhythmias can occur suddenly, doctors need tools to diagnose and provide appropriate treatment. One of the tools used in the diagnosis of arrhythmias is electrocardiography (ECG). Apart from that, the doctor may also need other tools, such as a Holter monitor.

Doctor Sunu told me that he recently treated a patient with arrhythmia in a young man aged 30 years. Complaints of palpitations have been felt since a year ago, but the EKG recordings are often found to be normal.

Finally, the problem was detected after using continuous heart rhythm recording for 24 hours.

5. 3D technology helps better handling
Another way that can be done to detect arrhythmia problems is with catheter ablation.

This is a non-surgical intervention using a catheter that is used to guide doctors to map, localize, and destroy the tissue that causes abnormal electrical impulses in the heart.

In addition, 3D technology will improve the success of arrhythmia treatment and treatment.

Arrhythmia is a cardiovascular problem that must be watched out for. If you feel the symptoms, immediately check your heart health with a cardiologist.